Selected Publications

Analysing the interaction between strategy, technology and law, Enemies Known and Unknown presents explains the importance of legal rationales to America’s use of targeted killings, and the policy problems that America’s transnational war creates for its allies.
OUP/Hurst, 2017.

Recent Posts

More Posts

This is condensed general advice that I give to my MA students that I am writing out here for reference purposes. If you are reading this and are one of my students: You are an adult and therefore free to disregard all of this if you choose. The chances are that if you are studying for an MA degree then passing that degree will be your number one priority for the next year.


This is intended for my students as a reference point for, and deeper explanation of, advice that I usually give in class. This isn’t an explanation of the King’s College London marking system, but gives my perspective on what an essay is, what makes for a good essay, and why academics like myself use them as a form of assessment. The essence of a good essay is that it answers the bloody question.


B.A. Friedman’s On Tactics: A Theory of Victory in Battle is an excellent book on the tactical level of war, written for a professional (military) and general audience, and provides pretty much a one-stop primer on combat and battle for undergraduate or graduate students in security studies or strategic studies. Reading it as an academic, it’s clear that the book’s focus is pulled in two directions. On one hand, Friedman seeks to define a general theory of tactics (and the relationship between tactics and strategy), on the other, the functional role of the book is explained in the subtitle, A Theory of Victory in Battle.



Technological Innovation, Non-Obvious Warfare and the Challenges to International Law

The SNT Really Makes Reality project examined the characteristics of technological and social change in the context of obvious and non-obvious warfare in the 21st century. In particular, the project explored these challenges in the context of existing international law framework that regulates the use of force.


Current Academic Year (2017-18)

I currently convene:

  • Wars Within Wars

I co-teach:

  • Political Violence, Human Rights & Counter Terrorism (Convened by Dr Frank Foley)
  • Contemporary Conflicts (Convened by Dr Simon Anglim)

Previous Teaching

Programme Leadership

  • MA in Science & Security (King’s College London)
  • Brunei Ministry of Defence’s 9th Executive Development Programme in International Public Policy

Postgraduate Courses

  • The Science & Security of Nuclear and Biological Weapons
  • CBRN Terrorism
  • Current Issues in Science & Security
  • Government, Governance & War
  • Technology & Security (With Professor Wyn Q. Bowen)

Undergraduate Courses

  • The Experience of War
  • Philosophies of War
  • Guerrillas in the Mist (Military history & strategic theory)

Professional Development Courses

  • Insider Threats and Security Culture (Delivered for the Centre for Science & Security Studies)
  • Counter Terrorism Policy for the Foreign & Commonwealth Office (For the Centre for Defence Studies)
  • International Intelligence Director’s Course (For the Centre for Defence Studies)
  • I have taught on a wide variety of professional development and knowledge transfer courses for government organisations including the Ministry of Defence, Home Office and the Association of Chief Police Officers.
  • Introduction to Web Development, Project Management (Curriculum design and module delivery for Founders & Coders)


  • The Department of War Studies, King's College London, Strand, London, WC2R 2LS, UK
  • Fridays, 0930-1030 or email for appointment